The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system of your body and works to produce thyroid hormone. This hormone helps to regulate your metabolism among numerous other functions. When an abnormal collection in the thyroid is detected, also called a thyroid nodule, further investigation is needed. This may include an ultrasound of the thyroid and possibly a needle biopsy. For patients who require removal of the thyroid for cancerous and non-cancerous reasons, surgery is usually done through a well-hidden neck incision and under general anesthesia.
The parathyroid glands are four small glands located in the neck that help to regulate the calcium levels in your body. In cases where the calcium levels are elevated, a parathyroid gland may be abnormally producing too much of its hormone. In those cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the abnormal gland. Otolaryngologists are uniquely qualified to perform thyroid and parathyroid surgery as experts of neck anatomy.